Source: Elder, A.K. (2019). The OER Starter Kit. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Digital Press. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.31274/isudp.7
Source: "What is OER?" by The Council of Chief State School Officers is licensed under CC BY 4.0
Open Educational Resources (OER) are "teaching, learning, and research resources that are free of cost and access barriers, and which also carry legal permission for open use."
Excerpt from SPARC. To learn more visit https://sparcopen.org/open-education/
OER allows you to:
OER encompasses a wide range of educational materials including, but not limited to:
To qualify as an Open Educational Resource, it must be freely available, either in the public domain or through a license (usually a Creative Commons license) that provides everyone with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:
Source: Adapted from Defining the "Open" in Open Content and Open Educational Resources, which was originally written by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at http://opencontent.org/definition/.
According to a national survey conducted in 2020 by the U.S. PIRG Education Fund, "textbooks are too expensive" and students are making difficult choices to manage the high cost of course materials, which can negatively impact student success. The results of the survey below demonstrate how students cope with these costs.
|65%||Students who didn't buy the textbook due to cost|
|90%||Students who were concerned that not buying the textbook would negatively impact their grade|
|21%||Students who skipped purchasing textbook access codes|
|79%||Students who were negatively impacted by the pandemic (i.e. job loss, getting COVID-19, transferring schools)|
|10%||Students skipped meals|
|86%||Food insecure students who didn't buy a textbook|
Source: "Fixing the Broken Textbook Market, Third Edition" by Cailyn Nagle and Kaitlyn Vitez, U.S. PIRG Education Fund, February 2021, is licensed under CC BY 4.0.
|For Students||For Faculty|
|Reduces or eliminates barriers to student success due to high cost of course materials||Ability to customize content to better align with your course objectives and teaching styles|
|Reduced educational costs increases student retention rates||Access to current and frequently updated content in your field|
|Increases equity by making materials available for all students on the first day of class||Positively impacts educational costs for students|
|Course materials can be printed for a small fee||Encourages innovation and experimentation|
|Student engagement and advocacy to promote affordable textbook options||Contributes to a culture of global collaboration|