Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Writing Center's Guide to Academic Writing for Health Sciences

A LibGuide created for KUMC students and faculty that explores academic writing best practices and tips


Kind acknowledgements are given to the following:

La Trobe University - Learning & Research Services (Library), and Dr. Julianne East for permission to use content from their guide.

Reviewing the essay

After you have written your essay you will need to review what you have written. By doing this you can reduce the number of errors in the essay. Check that you have produced a strong and informed introduction so that, from the outset, your reader can be positive towards your work.

Rather than read your work on the screen, print it, leave it for a couple of days and then try to read it as if it is the first time you have seen the work .  Easier said than done, but the following checklist will help you to step back and cast a critical eye over your text.


Editing  Questions




Working  on this

Meeting task requirements - have you:

1.     answered the question completely, and made this explicit in the introduction? (Check the question and its parts again. It is easy to change the meaning of the question to become something different from the original).

2.     gone through each aspect of the marking guide to check that you have understood and done what is expected?



The introduction - have you:

1.    given a context and narrowed it?

2.    stated the purpose of the essay?

3.    provided a main point?

4.    made it clear to the reader what will be covered in the essay?

5.    defined key terms in the introduction (or beginning of the body of the essay)?



Essay structure - have you:

1.     checked that any headings are clear and meaningful?

2.     checked that the essay purpose and main point are addressed consistently throughout the essay?

3.     read both the introduction and conclusion together to ensure that they are consistent?

4.     repeated key terms/concepts throughout the text?

5.     linked ideas between paragraphs?



Paragraphs - in each paragraph:

1.       can you find the main point of the paragraph? (This could be the argument of the paragraph)

2.       is every sentence in the paragraph relevant to this main point?

3.       does the main point of the paragraph clearly relate to the main point in the essay  introduction?

4.       is there enough evidence for each claim?

5.       is there enough elaboration of ideas?

Argument and evidence - have you:

6.      made generalisations which need to be more tentative? (You could use modal verbs, eg  - may, could, etc.)

7.     summarised/ paraphrased the views of others in your own words, then referenced them in the text?

8.     discussed the views of others? (You can do this by comparing and contrasting claims and findings in the literature)



Does the conclusion:

1.       summarise the major points of the essay?

2.       give the reader a clear understanding of the argument you have pursued in the essay?



Referencing - have you:

1.       followed the ART guidelines for APA referencing?

2.       used enough references?

3.       used paraphrasing appropriately? (not copied out sections of texts)

4.       put all direct quotations in inverted commas?

5.       varied the way you refer to sources?

6.       provided a reference list in alphabetical order with all the details correctly presented