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Veterans, Military and Family Health

An interprofessional guide to the evidence-based resources addressing the unique health care needs of veterans, military persons and their families.

Mental Health Themes

  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Anxiety
  • Anger/Violence
  • Sleep Disturbances
  • Substance Abuse
  • Military Sexual Trauma
  • Family Wartime Separation

Web References

Did you know?

  • About 1 in 3 U.S. service members returning from Iraq or Afghanistan experiences signs of 
    combat stress 
    or traumatic 
       brain injury (TBI).

  • Only 53% of returning troops who screened positive for PTSD or major depression sought help from a provider. 


  • Of those who had PTSD or depression and sought treatment only slightly over half received adequate treatment.


    1. Freedy, J.R., Magruder, K.M., Mainous, A.G., Frueh, B.C., Geesey, M.E., & Carnemolla, M. (2010). Military Medicine, 175(10), 750-757.
    2. Gahm, G.A., & Lucenko, B.A. (2007). Screening soldiers in outpatient care for mental health concerns. Military Medicine, 173(1), 17-24.
    3. Gellis, L.A., Gehrman, P.R., Mavandadi, S., & Oslin, D.W. (2010). Predictors of sleep disturbances in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Eduring Freedom veterans reporting a trauma. Military Medicine, 175(8), 567-572.
    4. Kimerling, R., Street, A.E., Pavao, J., Smith, M.W., Cronkite, R.C., Holmes, T.H., & Frayne, S.M. (2010). American Journal of Public Health, 10, 1409-1412.
    5. Patrick, V., Hebert, C., Green, S., & Ingram, C.L. (2011). Integrated multidisciplinary treatment teams; a mental health model for outpatient settings in the military. Military Medicine, 176(9), 986-990.
    6. Santiago, P.N., Wilk, J.E., Miliken, C.S., Castro, C.A., Engel, C.C., & Hoge, C.W. (2010). Screening for alcohol misuse and alcohol-related behaviors among combat veterans. Psychiatric Services, 61, 575-581.
    7. Warner, C.H., Appenzeller, G.N., Parker, J.R., Warner, C.M., & Hoge, C.W. (2011). Effectiveness of mental health screening and coordination of in-theater care prior to deployment to Iraq:  A cohort study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168(4), 378-384.
    8. Wells, T.S., LeardMann, C.A., Fortuna, S.O., Smith, B., Smith, T.C., Ryan, M.A.K.,...Blazer, D. (2010). A prospective study of depression following combat deployment in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 90-99.


Substance Abuse

Screening- Mental Health

Mental health- best practice (braod topics, tweak this)

Sleep Disturbances