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Dissertations & Theses: Using Your Published Articles

Reuse of Copyrighted Articles

You must receive permission to reuse previously published articles even when you are the author.

There are different options for obtaining permission. General steps for obtaining usage permission are outlined below, but we recommend you contact a Research & Learning Librarian. Schedule an appointment by emailing, calling 913-945-5990, or use the scheduling calendar.

Get Permission to Reuse

Do you have a copy of your Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA)?

Does it give permission to use articles in your thesis or dissertation?

If you do not have a copy of your CTA, check the publisher's site for information.

Or, go to the journal article on the publisher's web site and check the "Permissions" information. Follow the Copyright Clearance Center's RightsLink if available.

You may need to contact the copyright owner (usually publisher) directly.

Keep a copy of any permission granted to upload to ProQuest.

Citing Previously Published Articles in Dissertations & Theses

Work with a Librarian to determine the proper citation style for previously published articles. Even Open Access articles must include proper attribution.


The citation should be placed immediately below the title of the chapter.

The citation should be single-spaced and use the font size of the body of your work.

If supplied, use the language stipulated by the publisher. 

All citations should include:

  • the complete citation of the original article
  • indicate if the previously published work has been adapted and how much
  • indicate if it is an open access article

The article citation must also be included in your Reference List.

Additional formatting information is available at KUMC Office of Graduate Studies Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD).

Examples of Chapter Level Citations

The citations given here are for example purposes only. They may not meet your unique situation requirements. Always meet with a Research & Learning Librarian to identify or confirm you citation style.

A. Citation Determined by Amount Used and Degree of Adaptation - entire article, no adaptation

This chapter has previously been published in whole without any adaptations since publication and is reprinted here with permission. Gargiulo, R., Suhail, F. Hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Disease-a-Month: DM. 2015;61(9):387-395.

B. Citation Determined by Amount Used and Degree of Adaptation – new material

Parts of this chapter are reprinted with permission from Gargiulo, R., Suhail, F. Hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Disease-a-Month: DM. 2015;61(9):387-395, and are presented alongside new, never-before published results.

Open Access Articles

Although freely accessible, open access articles require attribution the same as copyrighted articles. Some publishers require you to include the type of open access license, some require a link to the license.

C. Citing a previously published open access article, using the entire article, with no adaptations.

This chapter has previously been published as an open access article and is reprinted here without adaptation. Zhang Z., Xu J., Tang, J. Diagnosis of Brain Diseases via Multi-Scale Time-Series Model. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2019;13(197).

Citing a previously published open access article with a CC-BY Creative Commons License. In the example below, this journal/publisher required the author to include the link to the actual license.

Previously published as an open access article as: Silva LM, Jacobs DT, Allard BA, Fields TA, Sharma M, Wallace DP, et al. Inhibition of Hedgehog signaling suppresses proliferation and microcyst formation of human Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease cells. Scientific reports. 2018;8(1):4985. Creative Commons License